Periodontology – Treatment of periodontitis
Periodontitis is one of the most common dental conditions. It can have different stages, from simple inflammation of the gums, to withdrawing of the gums and even loss of teeth. Many people experience bleeding during tooth brushing and ignore it, not knowing that this is a sign of periodontitis that can lead to tooth loss. To avoid unpleasant situations, periodontal disease must be treated as soon as the first signs appear.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontitis involves inflammation of the tissue that supports and holds the teeth in the jaw bone. This tissue is called the gum, and its conditions can even lead to tooth loss. In advanced cases of periodontal disease, in addition to inflammation, pus clots may also appear. Periodontitis must be treated as early as possible to avoid its severe manifestations.
How does periodontitis manifest itself?
Periodontal disease is preceded by another condition, an early form, called gingivitis. This is manifested by inflammation of the gums and is caused by bacteria in the oral cavity. Thus, the gums undergo changes in texture and color, becoming soft and purple. Each brushing will cause bleeding, but also pain. Therefore, swollen gums, tenderness and bleeding are the first signs of periodontal disease.
Other symptoms of this condition:
In an extremely advanced stage of periodontal disease, pockets of pus can form between the bone and the tooth. These lead, over time, to the expulsion of the teeth from the dental alveoli.
What are the causes of periodontal disease and what are the risk factors in periodontitis?
The main cause of periodontitis is tartar. This is a consequence of poor dental hygiene. To prevent the appearance of tartar, it is necessary to brush the teeth at least twice a day. Bacterial plaque accumulated on the surface of dental structures creates tartar, and this is deposited under the gum, causing inflammation and bleeding.
In addition, there are a number of factors that favor the appearance of periodontitis:
As with any other condition, prevention is much better than cure. Prevention of periodontal disease will save your finances, time and peace of mind.
To prevent periodontitis, it is necessary to follow three simple steps:
Correct dental hygien. This entails:
Regular dental check ups. These routine checks are aimed at maintaining oral health and preventing the appearance of various conditions, but also treating them in their early stages.
Adopting a lifestyle as healthy as possible, which involves both healthy nutrition and avoiding stress.
What is periodontics?
What does periodontitis treatment entail?
Periodontology is the specialization of dental medicine that deals with the study of the entire system of maintaining dental structures in the jawbones. The most effective solution for periodontal disease is prevention, because the treatment is expensive and painful, requiring local anesthesia to carry it out.
What are the stages of periodontal disease treatment?
The treatment includes two important stages: the non-surgical stage and the surgical stage
Periodontal assessment: consultation, x-ray, solving different problems (for example: caries);
Descaling, air-flow, professional brushing, laser sterilization;
Subgingival curettage – with the help of fine instruments, which are inserted between the gum and the tooth, tartar is removed from the affected area;
Washing the area with antiseptic substances and applying medicinal substances.